Arch Linux on the Acer C720 Chromebook: Part 1

14 Aug 2014

Back in June, I wrote about my experiences with my then new Acer C720 Chromebook meant to replace my aging Asus eeePC. While Chrome OS turned out to be much more robust that initially expected thanks to the Crouton project, I still needed more functionality and control over my machine. Naturally, I wanted to use Arch Linux on it, as I had been doing on my other machines since I started using it a few years ago. Fortunately, due to the low cost nature of Chromebooks, most ship with fairly standard hardware on the inside, making them largely comaptible with most Linux distros. Arch Linux was no exception to this, but unfortunately, not everything works out of the box, and it requires patience and proactivity on the user's part.


I've mentioned the unbelievably helpful Arch Linux Wiki in the past, and once again, it was a life saver in helping get Arch up and running on my C720. Right off the bat one of the biggest differences from using a Chromebook is that they use Coreboot instead of a traditional BIOS to boot the system. As far as I know, nobody as successfully reported getting a standard Linux disto to boot from a Chromebook's Coreboot, but fortunately Google was nice enough to include SeaBIOS to use, instead. To use it, one needs to have the Chromebook in Developer Mode, and press Ctrl + l at the "Scary Warning Screen". This key combo needs to be done every time one boots up the machine, unless the machine's write-protect screw is removed and SeaBIOS is set as the default boot option. This alone is the biggest reason I would not recommend that most people attempt to run Linux on this machine, unless they're willing to deal with this admittedly minor annoyance.

While the actual installation procedure for Arch Linux itself didn't require any special modifications, other than needing to use Grub instead of syslinux[1], getting the 64-bit version of the installed working required a bit more work than the 32-bit version. But hey, this is Arch Linux, and ideally I should never have to reinstall it again after this. Due to a bug in recent 64-bit Arch Linux install mediums the C720, and other Chromebooks, fail to boot after selecting 64-bit mode. Pending an actual fix there are two workarounds for this, only one of which existed when I did my install. I had to use an older version of the install medium that was confirmed to work with 64-bit mode, and just refresh the developer keys so that pacman would fetch everything properly. The other method is to create a custom install medium that uses Grub instead of syslinux. I personally haven't tried this method, but others have reported it working, so until the installer is fixed, this is a much better method than using an outdated install medium.


Installing Arch Linux was a breeze since all of the hardware needed during the installation works out of the box. Unfortunately, this leads to two more parts of the machine that still don't work out of the box yet; the touchpad and suspend/resume. For what it's worth, the C720 is not alone in the touchpad issue, since the recent Toshiba, HP, and Dell chromebooks also needed the same fix to get their touchpads working. The issue was that the Chromebook drivers in the Kernel needed to be modified to recognize these devices, and while it appeared to be a relatively small change, the patch only just landed in the Kernel and is on track to be in the 3.17 release. Until then, I have been using parched's linux-mainline-chromebook package in the AUR, which among other things, provides this touchpad patch.

The last true issue with the C720 was, and still is, getting suspend/resume to work properly. On the 3.15 kernel and below, this did not seem to work at all without a number of hacks, but in 3.16, all I needed to do was pass tpm_tis.force=1 as a kernel parameter in Grub. However, thanks to scot14's patch this is no longer needed, and this patch is now included in parched's linux-mainline-chromebook. So far there's no word on the state of suspend/resume in the 3.17 kernel

Much thanks goes to parched and scot14 for their work in helping get these post installation issues worked out.

There are still a couple of other outstanding, most likely not C720 exclusive, issues such as occasional GPU hangs that currently have no real fix yet. However at this point, none of these issues hinder me from using this machine as a daily driver. While I wouldn't recommend it, even to most other Arch Linux users, I would recommend it to anyone looking for an inexpensive and surprisingly powerful Linux netbook, as long as they don't mind getting their hands a bit dirty to get it up and running.